Carta de 12 primeiro ministros da UE sugerindo áreas prioritárias para o crescimento

February 23, 2012
Ver abaixo a carta dirigida por 12 primeiro ministros da UE aos Presidentes da Comissão e do Conselho Europeu "sugerindo áreas de prioridade para o crescimento na Europa", tal como publicada no sítio oficial do primeiro ministro do Reino Unido (ver aqui). A bold, a referência ao Digital.

 This letter was sent on February 20, 2012 by Prime Minister David Cameron, Prime Minister Mark Rutte, Prime Minister Mario Monti, Prime Minister Andrus Ansip, Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis, Prime Minister Jyrki Katainen, Taoiseach Enda Kenny, Prime Minister Petr Nečas, Prime Minister Iveta Radičová, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt, and Prime Minister Donald Tusk  

 “We meet in Brussels at a perilous moment for economies across Europe. Growth has stalled. Unemployment is rising. Citizens and businesses are facing their toughest conditions for years. As many of our major competitor economies grow steadily out of the gloom of the recent global crisis, financial market turbulence and the burden of debt renders the path to recovery in Europe much harder to climb. “Europe has many fundamental economic assets. But the crisis we are facing is also a crisis of growth. The efforts that each of us are taking to put our national finances on a sustainable footing are essential. Without them, we will not lay the foundations for strong and lasting economic recovery. But action is also needed to modernise our economies, build greater competitiveness and correct macroeconomic imbalances. We need to restore confidence, among citizens, businesses and financial markets, in Europe’s ability to grow strongly and sustainably in the future and to maintain its share of global prosperity. 

 “We discussed these issues when we last met. It is right that we discuss them again. Building on the conclusions we have previously reached, it is now time to show leadership and take bold decisions which will deliver the results that our people are demanding. We welcome the steps being taken, nationally and at the European level, to address this challenge and look forward to agreeing further concrete steps at our next meeting, with action focused on eight clear priorities to strengthen growth. 

 “First, we must bring the single market to its next stage of development, by reinforcing governance and raising standards of implementation. The Commission’s report to the June European Council should set out clear and detailed actions needed to enhance implementation and strengthen enforcement. “Action should start in the services sector. Services now account for almost four fifths of our economy and yet there is much that needs to be done to open up services markets on the scale that is needed. We must act with urgency, nationally and at the European level, to remove the restrictions that hinder access and competition and to raise standards of implementation and enforcement to achieve mutual recognition across the single market. We look forward to the Commission report on the outcome of sectoral performance checks and call on the Commission to fulfil its obligation under the services directive to report comprehensively on efforts to open up services markets and to make recommendations for additional measures, if necessary in legislation, to fulfil the internal market in services. 

 “Second, we must step up our efforts to create a truly digital single market by 2015. The digital economy is expanding rapidly but cross-border trade remains low and creativity is stifled by a complex web of differing national copyright regimes. Action is needed at the EU level to provide businesses and consumers with the means and the confidence to trade on-line, by simplifying licensing, building an efficient framework for copyright, providing a secure and affordable system for cross-border on-line payments, establishing on-line dispute resolution mechanisms for cross-border on-line transactions and amending the EU framework for digital signatures. We should build on the recent proposals of the Commission, without reopening the e-commerce directive, to create a system that balances the interests of consumers, businesses and rights holders, and spurs innovation, creative activity and growth. We must also continue our efforts to build modern infrastructure to provide better broadband coverage and take-up and extend and promote e-government services to simplify the start up and running of businesses and aid the mobility of workers. 

 “Third, we must deliver on our commitment to establish a genuine, efficient and effective internal market in energy by 2014. All member States should implement fully the Third Energy Package, swiftly and in recognition of agreed deadlines. Energy interconnection should be enhanced to help underpin security of supply. Urgent action is also needed, nationally and where appropriate collectively, to remove planning and regulatory barriers to investment in infrastructure to release the potential of the single market and support green growth and a low-emissions economy. We look forward to the Commission’s forthcoming communication on the functioning of the internal market, which should include an assessment of the degree of liberalisation and energy market opening in member States. We also commit to making concrete progress towards the development of a Single European Transport Area and establishing the Connecting Europe Facility. 

 “Fourth, we must redouble our commitment to innovation by establishing the European Research Area, creating the best possible environment for entrepreneurs and innovators to commercialise their ideas and create jobs, and putting demand-led innovation at the heart of Europe’s research and development strategy. We must also act decisively to improve investment opportunities for innovative start-ups, fast-growing companies and small businesses, by creating an effective EU-wide venture capital regime which allows venture capital funds to operate on a pan-European basis, assessing a proposal for an EU venture capital scheme building on the EIF and other financial institutions in cooperation with national operators, and agreeing a new EU-wide programme, modelled on the Small Business Innovation Research scheme, to promote more effective use of pre-commercial public procurement to support innovative and high tech businesses. Reforms to create an effective and business-friendly system of intellectual property protection remain a very high priority. 

 “Fifth, we need decisive action to deliver open global markets. This year we should conclude free trade agreements with India, Canada, countries of the Eastern neighbourhood and a number of ASEAN partners. We should also reinforce trade relations with countries in the southern neighbourhood. Fresh impetus should be given to trade negotiations with strategic partners such as Mercosur and Japan, with negotiations with Japan launched before the summer, provided there is progress on the scope and ambition of a free trade agreement. The deals that are currently on the table could add €90 billion to EU GDP. 

 “But we must go further too. We need to inject political momentum into deepening economic integration with the US, examining all options including that of a free trade agreement; seek to deepen trade and investment relations with Russia, following its accession to the WTO; and launch a strategic consideration of our trade and investment relationship with China, with a view to strengthening our economic ties and reinforcing commitment to rules-based trade. Recognising the benefits that open markets bring, we should continue our efforts to strengthen the multilateral system, including through the Doha Development Agenda, strive for multilateral and plurilateral agreements in priority areas and sectors, and resist protectionism and seek greater market access for our businesses in third countries. Above all, we must reject the temptation to seek self-defeating protectionism in our trade relations. 

 “Sixth, we need to sustain and make more ambitious our programme to reduce the burden of EU regulation. We welcome the commitments made by the institutions to reduce burdens on small businesses but urge further and faster progress across the EU institutions while maintaining the integrity of the single market and the Union’s wider objectives. We should assess the scope for ambitious new EU sectoral targets and agree new steps to bring tangible benefits to industry. We should also make a very clear and visible statement of our intention to support micro-enterprises and ask the Commission to present detailed proposals to achieve this, including possible amendments to existing legislation. We also ask the Commission to publish an annual statement identifying and explaining the total net cost to business of regulatory proposals issued in the preceding year. 

 “Seventh, we must act nationally and, respecting national competences, collectively to promote well functioning labour markets which deliver employment opportunities and, crucially, promote higher levels of labour market participation among young people, women and older workers. Special attention should also be given to vulnerable groups that have been absent from the labour market for long periods. We should foster labour mobility to create a more integrated and open European labour market, for example by advancing the acquisition and preservation of supplementary pension rights for migrating workers, while respecting the role of the social partners. We should also take further action to reduce the number of regulated professions in Europe, through the introduction of a tough new proportionality test set out in legislation. In this context, we ask the Commission to convene without delay a new forum for the mutual evaluation of national practices to help identify and bring down unjustified regulatory barriers, examine alternatives to regulation which ensure high professional standards and assess the scope for further alignment of standards to facilitate mutual recognition of professional qualifications. 

 “Finally, we must take steps to build a robust, dynamic and competitive financial services sector that creates jobs and provides vital support to citizens and businesses. Implicit guarantees to always rescue banks, which distort the single market, should be reduced. Banks, not taxpayers, should be responsible for bearing the costs of the risks they take. While pursuing a level playing field globally, we should commit irrevocably to international binding standards for capital, liquidity and leverage with no dilution, ensuring that EU legislation adheres to Basel 3 standards to ensure financial stability and meet the financing needs of our economies. Banks should be required to hold appropriate levels and forms of capital in line with international criteria, without discrimination between private and public equities. We also call for rigorous implementation of the G20 principles on banking sector remuneration in line with existing EU legislation. 

 “Each of us recognises that the plan we propose requires leadership and tough political decisions. But the stakes are high and action in many of these areas is long overdue. With bold and effective action and strong political will we can recover Europe’s dynamism and put our economies back on the path to economic recovery. We urge you and the European Council to answer our peoples’ call for reform and to help restore their confidence in Europe’s ability to deliver strong and sustainable growth. “We are copying this letter to colleagues on the European Council.”
 

AdC decide sobre a originação de chamadas nas redes móveis

February 14, 2012

Apesar da experiência recolhida e das várias revisões do quadro regulatório europeu (sectorial e de concorrência) fica a ideia de que ainda há muitas barreiras a uma regulação efetiva e ágil, que permita dar rapidamente resposta a problemas que são de fácil identificação.

A situação dos preços das originações de chamadas nas redes móveis é um ótimo exemplo disso. Trata-se de um mercado que não está identificado na Recomendação da Comissão Europeia sobre análises de...


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Goodbye wallets! How mobile phones are becoming the new credit card

February 12, 2012
INFOGRAPHIC: Goodbye Wallets! How Mobile Payments Are Becoming the New Credit Card

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Balanço do leilão Multifaixas

February 8, 2012

Com a recente aprovação, para consulta pública, dos direitos de utilização de frequências decorrentes do leilão multifaixas, este processo fica praticamente concluído, fazendo por isso agora sentido fazer um balanço ainda que muito sumário:

Aspetos positivos

1)      Regulamento do leilão (ver aqui) minimizou barreiras à entrada, nomeadamente através de: a) inclusão de restrições a açambarcamento (caps); b) exigências de cobertura baixas e focadas nos 800 MHz; c) colocaçã...


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2ª Avaliação Regular do Programa de Assistência Económica e Financeira

January 5, 2012

Só agora tive oportunidade de ver os cinco documentos relativos à “2ª Avaliação Regular do Programa de Assistência Económica e Financeira” (disponíveis aqui): duas cartas, uma dirigida à Diretora do FMI e outra aos responsáveis pelas instituições europeias envolvidas no programa, e três anexos dois remetidos com a primeira e outro com a segunda. (Ver aqui referencia à primeira revisão do MoU)

Comentários:

1. Mantém-se o cumprimento de descer os preços de terminações móv...
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Um zettabyte de informação

November 20, 2011
Em post anterior partilhei que a IDC calcula que em 2011 serão produzidos 1.8 zettabytes de informação, a nível mundial. Já sabíamos que o volume de informação produzida era enorme, mas quando nos falam em 1.8 zettabytes... continuamos a achar que o volume de informação é enorme.

Por isso, parece-me interessante a infografia abaixo da Cisco, publicada no site makeuseof, que procura dar ideia de quão gigantesco um settabyte é. Enjoy.


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The world’s information is doubling every two years

November 20, 2011
Todos sabemos que o volume de informação produzida anualmente no mundo é gigantesco. Mas quão gigantesco? A IDC tem vindo a quantificar esse volume de informação através de estudos anuais designados Digital Universe. A última edição, relativa a 2011 (ver aqui sumário executivo), dá-nos a resposta: 1.8 zettabytes. 

Para além disso, diz-nos que a informação produzida tem vindo a duplicar cada dois anos e que o volume de informação que será produzida em 2020 corresponderá a um ...
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Timeline das comunicações electrónicas

October 30, 2011

Muito tem acontecido no mercado das comunicações electrónicas, desde o início dos anos 90. As modificações têm-se sucedido a um ritmo alucinante, do ponto de vista tecnológico, institucional e de mercado, fazendo com que o que hoje é dado por adquirido, fosse completamente inimaginável há 20 anos.

Adicionei uma timeline a este sítio (ver aqui), em que vou listando alguns dos principais acontecimentos que contribuíram para que as comunicações electrónicas tivessem a configuraç...


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O novo quadro comunitário e a defesa dos consumidores

October 26, 2011
Um dos pontos levantados no Seminário da APDC sobre o novo quadro regulatório na área das comunicações foi o que leva as instituições comunitárias a considerarem o mercado das comunicações electrónicas de forma diferente – mais exigente – no que respeita à protecção dos consumidores. Estavam em causa medidas previstas no quadro (e agora transpostas na nova LCE) neste domínio, como em matérias relativas a reclamações, informação e portabilidade. 

Na altura argumentei com...

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Nova Lei das Comunicações Eletrónica

October 25, 2011
A APDC organizou na semana passada um debate sobre o novo pacote regulatório e sobre a nova Lei das Comunicações Eletrónicas (ver aqui) que o transpõe.

Procurei sistematizar as principais alterações em três eixos (ver aqui): institucional, consumidores e concorrência.

No primeiro, o foco incide essencialmente na construção do mercado interno da União Europeia, com acrescida participação da Comissão no processo regulatório.No segundo, são claramente reforçados os direitos dos c...
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